Studying the Histories of Merging Galaxy Clusters

Shown here are observations of the Frontier Fields galaxy cluster MACS J0717, taken by Chandra, Hubble, and the Jansky Very Large Array. Diffuse blue colors (Chandra X-ray Observatory) are from the light emitted by gas with temperatures of millions of degrees. Red, green, and blue (Hubble Space Telescope) colors are from galaxies. Diffuse pink colors (Jansky Very Large Array) are from excited gas from shock waves and turbulence due to merging galaxy clusters (middle-top and lower-left), as well as a foreground radio galaxy (center left). Credit: NASA, ESA, CXC, NRAO/AUI/NSF, STScI, and R. van Weeren (Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics)

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